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World Almanac

Today is the 291st day of 2021 and the 27th day of autumn.

TODAY’S HISTORY: In 1767, the boundary between Delaware, Maryland and Pennsylvania (the Mason-Dixon Line) was established.

In 1962, Drs. James Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins won the Nobel Prize in medicine/physiology for uncov- ering the double-helix structure of DNA.

In 2001, four al-Qaida members were sentenced to life in prison for bombing the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998.

TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS: Pierre Trudeau (1919-2000), Canadian prime minister; Jesse Helms (1921-2008), U.S. sen- ator; Chuck Berry (1926-2017), singer-songwriter; George C. Scott (1927-1999), actor; Peter Boyle (1935-2006), actor; Mike Ditka (1939- ), football coach/player; Wendy Wasserstein (1950-2006), playwright; Martina Navratilova (1956- ), tennis player; Jean-Claude Van Damme (1960- ), actor; Wynton Marsalis (1961- ), jazz musician; Esperanza Spalding (1984- ), singer-songwriter; Lindsey Vonn (1984- ), skier; Zac Efron (1987- ), actor.

TODAY’S FACT: The Mason-Dixon Line surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in 1767 left a “wedge” of land in dispute between Delaware and Pennsylvania until 1921.

TODAY’S SPORTS: In 1977, New York Yankees outfielder Reggie Jackson hit three home runs on three consecutive swings against three different Los Angeles Dodgers pitchers, leading his team to an 8-4 win (and the series win) in Game 6 of the World Series.

TODAY’S QUOTE: “There’s nothing wrong with struggle. Anytime I look back at a difficult phase of my life and see what grew out of it — the creative survival tactics — I think that the good is way better than the bad.” — Esperanza Spalding

TODAY’S NUMBER: $556.37 — Herman Melville’s total earn- ings from the 3,715 copies of “Moby-Dick” that sold during his lifetime.

TODAY’S MOON: Between first quarter moon (Oct. 12) and full moon (Oct. 20).

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