By AAMER MADHANI and MATTHEW LEE Associated Press
MUNICH (AP) — Vice President Kamala Harris on Friday heralded
NATO unity during the escalating Ukraine crisis and warned Russia that the U.S. and Western allies stood ready to respond with tough sanctions if President Vladimir Putin moves forward with an invasion of Ukraine.
In a meeting with
NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg as the annual Munich Security Conference got underway, Harris thanked the alliance for “all that you have done” throughout the crisis.
“We remain, of course, open to and desirous of diplomacy, as it relates
to the dialogue and the discussions we have had with Russia, but we are also committed, if Russia takes aggressive action, to ensure there will be severe consequence in terms of the sanctions we have discussed,” Harris told Stoltenberg. “And weknowtheallianceis strong in that regard.”
Harris and her top national security aides huddled with Stoltenberg after President Joe
Biden on Thursday in Washington warned
that “every indication” suggests Russia is “prepared to go into Ukraine, attack Ukraine.”
Russia probably has massed between 169,000 and 190,000 personnel
in and near Ukraine, up from about about 100,000 on Jan. 30, said Michael Carpenter, the permanent U.S. representative
to the Organization
for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
In addition to troops along the border, in neighboring Belarus and
in Crimea, he said the estimate includes Russian- led forces in eastern Ukraine and also internal security units deployed
to these areas. It was unclear if these forces were included in the most recent estimate of 150,000 troops.
Harris said it was “intentional” that she was holding her first meeting at the annual security conference with NATO’s secretary general. The administration is trying to drive the message to Putin that the crisis has only bolstered the 30-country military alliance’s resolve to push back against Moscow’s aggression.
Stoltenberg echoed Harris’ sentiment of growing NATO unity during the crisis.
“I also welcome the fact that European allies are stepping up, also increasing their presence in the eastern border of the alliance and also investing more in defense,” Stoltenberg said. “So the reality is that North America and Europe are doing more together now that we’ve done for many years.”
U.S. and European officials are on high alert for any Russian attempts to create a pretext for invasion. Officials are concerned that increased shelling in the Donbas region, the slice of
land where Russian- backed separatists
have battled for years against the Ukrainian government, could be
usedbytheKremlinas a pretext to launch an invasion of Ukraine.
Harris met with Latvian President Egils Levits, Lithuania President Gitanas Nauseda, and Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas to discuss
the latest developments related to Russia’s buildup on Ukraine’s border
and U.S. readiness to further reinforce NATO allies on the eastern
flank of the alliance.
Harris underscored to the Baltic leaders, who are watching the situation on the Ukraine-Russian border warily, that the Biden administration is committed to a central tenet of the NATO alliance: the principle
of mutual defense.
“Our position has always been and will continue to be that Article 5 is ironclad and the spirit behind it
— an attack on one is an attack on all — remains our perspective,” said Harris, referring to the charter that spells out the mutual defense provision. “I do believe our greatest strength is our unity.”
Nauseda urged the
U.S.,whichhasbolstered its troops presence in
the Baltics in recent weeks, to do even more and create a “permanent presence” in Lithuania Currently, the U.S. deploys a small contingency of troops to the country
on a rotational basis. “I would say it is
critically important for the security of our region to see more presence of United States troops,” Nauseda said.
Kallas echoed the call for a greater U.S. presence in the Baltic countries.
“We have lost our independence to Russia once, and we don’t want it to happen again,” she said.
Harris is set to
deliver a major address at the conference on Saturday that will focus on the Ukraine crisis. Preparations for the address were fluid, but Harris in part is expected to spotlight the unity of NATO and Western allies in the face of the Ukraine crisis, the administration official said.
Meanwhile, Biden planned to speak by phone Friday with trans-
(AP Photo/Andrew Harnik, Pool)
Atlanticleadersaboutthe Russian military buildup and continued efforts at deterrence and diplomacy.
Secretary of State
Antony Blinken was also
in Munich on Friday
where he was meeting
with his counterparts
from Britain, France and Germany. Blinken is
also scheduled to meet one-on-one with Qatari Deputy Prime Minister
and Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al-Thani and French Foreign Minister Jean-Ives Le Drian.