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BY TAMMIE SLOUP
The grocery bill for a summer cookout will cost U.S. consumers 17% more than last year, according to a new American Farm Bureau Federation market basket survey.
The survey focuses on food commonly part of Fourth of July cookouts, including cheeseburgers, pork chops, chicken, homemade potato salad and more.
The cost breaks down to $69.68 for 10 people, or about $7 per person, and reflects the largest increase since the annual survey began a decade ago.
Inflation, supply chain disruptions and the war in Ukraine are driving the higher prices.
While food costs are rising, AFBF Chief Economist Roger Cryan stressed the trend does not translate to a windfall for farmers, who face skyrocketing input costs, especially fertilizer and fuel prices. According to the Agriculture Department’s revised Food Dollar Series, farmers receive about 8% of every food marketing dollar, and less for highly processed foods.
“Bottom line, in many cases the higher prices farmers are being paid aren’t covering the increase in their farm expenses,” he said. “The cost of fuel is up and fertilizer prices have tripled.”
Cryan also pointed to the cascading effects of the war in Ukraine. As Ukraine’s contributions to global food security are cut off, Russian and Belarusian fertilizer exports are constrained and other countries pull back exports to protect their domestic supplies.
“We’ve had improved agricultural technologies, new opportunities to be more productive in so many ways in agricultural production, and agricultural productivity has grown for the last 40 years without a major disruption until this year,” Cryan said Monday during a media briefing. “And this year’s war in Ukraine, I think is a very striking demonstration of how fragile the system can be and how important it is not to take our food supply for granted.”
Ground beef came in with the highest year-over-year increase at 36%. Survey results showed 2 pounds of ground beef cost an average of $11.12.
Meanwhile, the Agriculture Department’s Producer Price Index indicates that compared to a year ago, farm-level cattle prices are up 17.5%, but wholesale beef prices are down 14%. This serves to highlight the differences between farm-level, wholesale and retail beef prices and how the past few years have had significant impacts on the beef production and cattle pricing cycles, making them all hard to predict, according to an AFBF news release.
Most of the food on the cookout list saw increases, except for sliced cheese, potato chips and strawberries.
The year-to-year direction of the market basket survey tracks with the federal government’s Consumer Price Index report for food at home and general inflation across the economy, although food inflation tends to be higher, Cryan said.
The survey is part of the Farm Bureau market basket series, which also includes the Thanksgiving Dinner Cost Survey.
Data for this year’s survey was collected by 176 volunteer shoppers across the country and in Puerto Rico, including Farm Bureau members and others.
Summer cookout prices:
• 2 pounds of ground beef, $11.12 (+36%)
• 2 pounds of boneless, skinless chicken breasts, $8.99 (+33%)
• 32 ounces of pork and beans, $2.53 (+33%)
• 3 pounds of center cut pork chops, $15.26 (+31%)
• 2.5 quarts of fresh-squeezed lemonade, $4.43 (+22%)
• 2.5 pounds of homemade potato salad, $3.27 (+19%)
• 8 hamburger buns, $1.93 (+16%)
• Half-gallon of vanilla ice cream, $5.16 (+10%)
• 13-ounce bag of chocolate chip cookies, $4.31 (+7%)
• 2 pints of strawberries, $4.44 (-16%)
• 1 pound of sliced cheese, $3.53 (-13%)
• 16-ounce bag of potato chips, $4.71 (-4%)
This story was distributed through a cooperative project between Illinois Farm Bureau and the Illinois Press Association. For more food and farming news, visit FarmWeekNow.com.